A chronology of teaching
This is a short chronology of teaching and education from the ancient world until modern times.
468 (circ.) Birth of Socrates.
440 Birth of Xenophon.
429 (circ.) Birth of Plato.
384 Birth of Aristotle.
342 Aristotle, tutor to Alexander the Great.
300 (circ.) Zeno founded the School of Stoics.
46 (circ.) Birth of Plutarch.
121 Birth of Marcus Aurelius.
480 Birth of St. Benedict, the founder of Western monasticism.
641 Sack of Alexandria.
1135 Hospital of St. John the Evangelist established at Cambridge.
1218 First European university established in Salamanca, Spain.
1231 Charter constituting Cambridge a university granted.
1248 Charter constituting Oxford a university granted by Henry III.
1264 Birth of Dante.
1448 Glasgow University founded.
1441 Eton School founded.
1484 Birth of Ignatius Loyola.
1456 Birth of Erasmus of Rotterdam.
1473 Birth of Martin Luther.
1567 Publication of Ascham's “The Schoolmaster”.
1595 Birth of Descartes.
1624 Birth of John Locke, founder of the English School of Psychology.
1632 Publication of “The Discourse of Method” by Descartes.
1637 The Jansenists or Port-Royalists founded the "petites ecoles" in France.
1643 Publication of Milton's Tractate on Education.
1657 Royal Society incorporated.
1663 Charity Schools first founded in England.
1698 Birth of Jean Jacques Rousseau.
1712 Birth of Diderot.
1748 Publication of the first volume of the French Encylopaedia, under the direction of Diderot and D'Alembert.
1770 Birth of Johann Friedrich Herbart, the German educationalist.
1802 Publication of Herbart's “General Pedagogy”.
1832 First British Government Grant made in aid of elementary education.
1836 First Kindergarten School opened in Germany by Froebel.
1875 Elementary Education Act (United Kingdom).
A short history of teaching