Civil rights applied to public education teachers have evolved trough history. Before 1969, any of Amendments to the United States Constitution were not applied to students or teachers in the public schools and appreciation society has to teachers was showed applying -Loco parentis.This Latin expression means that teachers had the authority and duty to guide, correct, and punish a child.
However, in U.S. Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas words -First Amendment rights, applied in light of the special characteristics of the school environment, are available to teachers and students. It can hardly be argued that either students or teachers shed their constitutional rights to speech or expression at the schoolhouse gate .
In base to First Amendment, teachers must have the right to freedom of expression and must have the chance to teach and impart knowledge in the way they think is more appropriate. Any teacher day after day, must have in mind that anything said in school environment can influence students to act in one way or another.
However, even famous teachers must respect others’ rights by respecting their own convictions and religion believes. About religion, any teacher in public school may not lead students in prayer, the recitation of scripture, or any other religious exercise . However, the Supreme Court has also clearly recognized that the study of the Bible and comparative religion in the public school classroom is constitutional because education it is no complete with a complete comparative study of history of religion.