GABRIELA MISTRAL (Chile, 1889 - 1957).
Poet, diplomat, and teacher, born in Vicuña, C Chile. A teacher from the age of 15, she taught at Columbia University, Vassar College, and in Puerto Rico, and combined her writing with a career as a diplomat and cultural minister. She established herself as a poet with 'Sonetos de la muerte' (1914, Sonnets of Death), taking her name from Gabriele d'Annunzio and Frédéric Mistral. Her poem 'Dolor' from the collection Desolación (1922, Desolation) is based on the suicide of her lover. She never married, and her work is inspired by a Romantic preoccupation with sorrow and death. She was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1945.
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