GABRIELA MISTRAL (Chile, 1889 - 1957).
Poet, diplomat, and teacher, born in Vicu�a, C Chile. A teacher from the age of 15, she taught at Columbia University, Vassar College, and in Puerto Rico, and combined her writing with a career as a diplomat and cultural minister. She established herself as a poet with 'Sonetos de la muerte' (1914, Sonnets of Death), taking her name from Gabriele d'Annunzio and Fr�d�ric Mistral. Her poem 'Dolor' from the collection Desolaci�n (1922, Desolation) is based on the suicide of her lover. She never married, and her work is inspired by a Romantic preoccupation with sorrow and death. She was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1945.
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