ALFONSO X, KING OF CASTILE (Spain, 1221 - 1284).
King of León and Castile (1252-84), born in Burgos, Spain. He was known as "the wise king" and was remembered both as a ruler and as a teacher and pedagogue. The founder of a Castilian national literature, he caused the first general history of Spain to be composed in Castilian, as well as a translation of the Old Testament to be made by Toledo Jews. His great code of laws (Siete Partidas) and his planetary table were of major importance. In 1282, he lost power following a rising under his son, Sancho IV.
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